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University Biomedical Services (UBS)



Frame training schools

Recent studies highlight deficiencies in the design and presentation of animal experiments, which have consequences for the validity of the resulting data.

Topic: Refinement

Euthanasia NC3Rs

The careful selection of the method by which animals are killed is imperative to ensure that the animals are given the most humane death possible.

Topic: Refinement

RSPCA Rodent Welfare Group

A key aim of the Group is to encourage people to take account of the whole lifetime experience of laboratory rodents, ensuring that every potential impact on their wellbeing has been reviewed and refined.

Topic: Refinement

Procedures With Care Website

This website provides a series of resources to support the adoption of best practice for commonly used procedures in animal research.

Topic: Refinement

Analgesia and Pain Assessment-NC3Rs

Considerable progress has been made over the last decade in preventing or alleviating pain. In particular, there is now considerable opportunity to minimise or eliminate pain following surgical procedures. 

Topic: Refinement

Enrichment Record US

A group of passionate enrichment advocates from academia and industry are the spark for this effort to ignite and excite the laboratory animal community from top to bottom. 

Topic: Refinement

Care and Techniques-Canadian 3Rs Microsite

The third ‘R’, Refinement, is essential to consider for people who are caring for animals used in science and/or carrying out scientific procedures on animals.

Topic: Refinement

Laboratory Animal Anaesthesia for Minor Procedures-EU Module 20 Video
Topic: Refinement

Implementation of analgesic refinement in rats used as models for arthritis and inflammatory pain
Topic: Refinement

Assessing the Health and Welfare of Laboratory Animals

The AHWLA website makes use of video material to better illustrate points referenced in its tutorials.

Topic: Refinement

Species specific resources- Canadian 3Rs microsite

Many of the resources cited on this microsite are specific to certain types of animals. To assist in finding these resources the Animal Index groups Three Rs resources by category and/or species of animal.

Topic: Refinement

Grimace Scales Research

Research by Dr Jeffrey Mogil and colleagues, McGill University, has demonstrated that changes in facial expression provide a reliable and rapid means of assessing pain in mice, rabbits and rats.

Topic: Refinement

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